Joint Strategic Needs Assessment
What is a JSNA?
A Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) is the means by which the local health economy, local authorities and third sector organisations work together to understand the future health, care and well-being needs of their community. The JSNA aims to support action to improve local people's well-being by ensuring that services meet their needs. It is designed to inform and drive future investment priorities and thereby help to plan services more effectively.
What are the roles of the Health and Well Being Boards?
The Health and Social care Act 2012 establishes health and wellbeing boards as a forum where key leaders from the health and care system work together to improve the health and wellbeing of their local population and reduce health inequalities.
Amongst other duties, the Boards will bring together clinical commissioning groups and councils to develop a shared understanding of the health and wellbeing needs of the community. They will undertake the Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) and develop a joint strategy for how these needs can be best addressed. This will include recommendations for joint commissioning and integrating services across health and care.
Chapter 1 is about Wellbeing in Walsall. Sections on Demography, Poverty in Childhood, Life Expectancy and Healthy Life Expectancy are included and can be accessed at the links below.
Chapter 2 is about Giving every child the best start in life. Sections on Infant / Perinatal Mortality, Mental Health of Children, Educational Attainment, Parenting Capacity, Healthy Weight and Childrens Oral Health are included and can be accessed at the links below.
Chapter 3 is about enabling all children and young poeple to maximise their capabilties and have control over their lives (transition to adulthood). Sections on Educational Attainment, Healthy Weight, Sexual Health, Vulnerable children and young people, and Child Safety and Safeguarding are included and can be accessed at the links below.
Chapter 4 is about the links between poor health and the development of a vibrant economy. The chapter heading is called My Money, My Home and My Job. This includes sections on deprivation, Welfare Reforms, My Home - Healthy Housing, Economy & Employment, Adults & Parents, Young People, and Vulnerable Groups (such as Learning Disabilityand Mental Health) and can be accessed at the links below.
Chapter 5 is about creating and developing healthy and sustainable places and communities. This includes sections on getting about, relaxing and having fun, Planning, Stronger communities and community safety, and can be accessed at the links below.
Chapter 6 is about improving health and wellbeing through healthy lifestyles: Making healthier choices earlier. This includes sections on obesity, physical activity, smoking cessation / tobacco control, substance misuse, emotional health and wellbeing, and can be accessed at the links below.
Chapter 7 is about reducing the burden of preventable disease, disability and death. This includes sections on Mortality, Heart Disease, Stroke, COPD, Diabetes, Mental Health and Suicide, Health Protection and can be accessed at the links below.
Chapter 8 is about Healthy ageing and independant living. This includes sections on Health and Social Care integration, maintaining mobility and preventing falls, Adult Oral Health, Dementia, Excess seasonal deaths and fuel poverty, independant living and quality of life, carers and End of Life care, and can be accessed at the links below.
Chapter 9 summarises the main point point and priorities from the Walsall JSNA.
The Appendix below identify the main statistical summary for Health and Wellbeing in Walsall.